CPEIR – Climate Public Expenditure and Institutional Review – is a tool to review and assess various aspects of climate change related public expenditures and the institutional framework of public agencies, as well as other actors (e.g. development partners and CSOs) involved in climate change finance.
Over the past three years the government of Mozambique (GoM) has implemented a range of policy reforms aimed at increasing the government’s ability to respond effectively to the impacts of climate change and build the resilience of the economy to these impacts. An important overarching policy reform was the approval of the National Strategy for Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation. In order to review climate-related expenditure levels that could be used to support and inform the costing of the sectoral action plans envisaged under the strategy, the World Bank - assisted by the National Council for Sustainable Development (CONDES) - is providing support to the National Environment Fund (FUNAB) and other institutions to develop a Climate Change Public Expenditure and Institutional Review (CPEIR)
to improve understanding of past and current levels of expenditure on climate resilience and mitigation - and to review the extent to which these are aligned against policy objectives. Improved and reliable information of climate-related expenditures is important for accessing future flows of international climate finance – for example from the Green Climate Fund, and also to inform the government on sectors and geographical allocation needs to promote scaling-up of climate resilient planning across the country.
The Ministry of Economy and Finance, the Ministry of Land, Environment and Rural Development (MITADER), FUNAB, the Institute of Disaster Management (INGC), the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), municipalities, and other stakeholders jointly approved the methodology that is being developed. The approach to classify expenditure is shown in the diagram.
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