The combination of high exposure and high vulnerability makes Mozambique one of the countries at greatest risk from the impacts of climate change and natural disasters, ranking third among African countries exposed to multiple weather related hazards (World Bank, 2010). Droughts and floods are likely to become more frequent and more intense, increasing the existing vulnerabilities of agricultural production systems and bringing challenges for smallholder farmers in particular. Improvements in on-farm technologies can assist in building resilience and reducing vulnerability. However, technology alone may not be sufficient to build a resilient agricultural production system and secure livelihoods in the farming sector. Other issues also need to be considered.
Building the climate resilience of smallholder farmers requires more than just changes to the techniques and technologies used in the field. Changes are needed in the whole farm system and in the way that knowledge and information is delivered and shared. This briefing focuses on building resilience in the following ways:
- Improving knowledge management
- Supporting incomes through a value chain approach
- Supporting improved technologies
- Transforming the extension service
- Empowering communities to manage their own natural resources.
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